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Online, hopefully, by the end of January, 2019!


“ ... the passions of the large masses are not only more naked, but also more elemental, they are simpler and deeper. In periods of normality, when the institutional and ideological (river(-))bed, where the life of the political community flows, appears to be steady and the direction given, the multitude does not but desire bread and circuses (and in these circuses, politics itself can wonderfully be included). When the bread becomes rare (and is in short supply) or is in danger [[of running out]], then the circuses too become diluted and less frequent and less regular or grow wild; and as the political community polarises, the soul of the masses accordingly condenses in one-dimensional and perspicuous (distinct) passions, which follow the logic of black and of white, without the sense (and feeling) of shades and hues, and without deepening in (regard to) facts and causes: idols are contrasted and opposed to daemons, and fanatical hate/hatred does not know of any alternative solution other than blind worship.  

   Since the masses are the raw material of politics, and since the masses are dominated and ruled by (the) passions, political activity could be defined as the manipulation or management of mass passions. This (manipulation) again can be undertaken in two different senses and from two different positions, in accordance with the fundamental division of the political calendar into epochs of normality (regularity), and into epochs of revolutionary tumult. ...”


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